Your question calls to mind Aristotle's so-called "four causes," which I prefer to think of as four sorts of explanation.
"Material Cause": explaining a thing in terms of what it is made of (in the case of the Bic lighter, plastic, compressed gas, etc.)
"Formal Cause": explaining a thing in terms of what it is (it's a Bic lighter!)
"Efficient Cause": Explaining a thing in terms of how it came to be (this, I think, is our normal concept of cause--refer to the operations of the factory where the lighted was made)
"Final Cause": Explaining a thing in virtue of what it characteristicallydoes or what purpose it may have. (Ignites cigarettes, cigars, or pipes for smokers to use.)
In Aristotle's system, the Formal and Final Causes are linked, but not so tightly as in your more reduced conception: A thing can still be a Bic lighter, but no longer able to fulfill it's Final Cause, since these are distinct.
So you might find Aristotle helpful here. If you want to see what he has to say (and not rely on my rather compresssed and perhaps imperfect paraphrase), have a look at his Physics Book II.