I am looking for resources on a seemingly simple issue. I believe the seeming
You should consult:
Stroll, A., 1979, ‘Two Concepts of Surfaces’, Midwest Studies in Philosophy 4: 277-291.
Stroll, A., 1988, Surfaces, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
The two concepts of a surface are the physical one, in which a surface can be pockmarked or scored, and the geometrical one, in which it is an ideal or geometrical object.